You can find on this page the Cuba geographical map to print and to download in PDF. The Cuba geographic map presents the topography, elevation, rivers, mountains, climate and physical features of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas.

Cuba physical map

Physical map of Cuba

The Cuba physical map shows landform and geography of Cuba. This geographical map of Cuba will allow you to discover physical features of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Cuba is located 77 km (48 mi) west of Haiti across the Windward Passage, 21 km (13 mi) south of the Bahamas, 150 km (93 mi) south of Florida, 210 km (130 mi) east of Mexico, and 140 km (87 mi) north of Jamaica as you can see in Cuba physical map. Cuba is the largest country by land area in the Caribbean. Its main island is the seventeenth-largest island in the world by land area. The main island (Cuba) has 5,746 km (3,570 mi) of coastline and 29 km (18 mi) of land borders — all figures including the United States territory at Guantánamo Bay, where the U.S. Navy Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is located.

The main island (Cuba) makes up most of the land area 104,556 km2 (40,369 sq mi) as its shown in Cuba physical map. The island is 1,250 km (780 mi) long and 191 km (119 mi) across its widest points and 31 km (19 mi) across its narrowest points. The largest island outside the main island is the Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) in the southwest, with an area of 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi).

The island of Cuba rises between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the Straits of Florida, on the northeast by Nicholas Channel and the Old Bahamas Channel. The southern part is bounded by the Windward Passage and the Cayman Trench, while the southwest lies in the Caribbean Sea as its mentioned in Cuba physical map. To the west, it reaches to the Yucatan Channel, and the northwest is open to the Gulf of Mexico. More than 4,000 islands and cays are found in the surrounding sea and bays. The southern coast includes such archipelagos as Jardines de la Reina and the Canarreos. The northeastern shore is lined by the Sabana-Camagüey Archipelago, which includes Jardines del Rey and is composed of approximately 2,517 cays and islands. The Colorados Archipelago is developed on the north-western coast.

Cuba topographic map

Map of Cuba topography

Cuba topographic map shows the physical features of Cuba. This topographical map of Cuba will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Terrain is mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast as you can see in Cuba topographic map. The lowest point is the Caribbean Sea at 0 m (sea level) and the highest point is Pico Turquino at 1,974 m (6,476 ft), part of the Sierra Maestra mountain range, located in the southeast of the island. Other significant mountain ranges are Sierra Cristal in the southeast, Escambray Mountains in the center of the island, and Sierra del Rosario in the northwest. White sand beaches (most notably in Varadero), as well as mangroves and marshes can be found in the coastal area. The largest is the Zapata Swamp, with over 4,520 km2 (1,750 sq mi).

Cuba has negligible inland water area. The largest natural water mirror is Laguna de Leche at 67.2 km2 (25.9 sq mi), while the man-made Zaza Reservoir, at 113.5 km2 (43.8 sq mi), is the largest inland water surface by area in the country as its shown in Cuba topographic map. Cuba makes maritime claims that include a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) and an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). Cuba lies in the path of hurricanes, and these destructive storms are most common in September and October.

The plains covering about two-thirds of the main island of Cuba have been used extensively for sugarcane and tobacco cultivation and livestock raising. The coastal basins of Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo and the extensive Cauto River valley lie in the southeast as its mentioned in Cuba topographic map. The Cauto lowland adjoins a series of coastal plains that continue across the island from east to west, including the Southern Plain, Júcaro-Morón Plain, Zapata Peninsula (Zapata Swamp), Southern Karst and Colón Plain, and Southern Alluvial Plain. Cuba most extensive swamps cover the Zapata Peninsula and surround the Bay of Pigs (Bahía de Cochinos). The Las Villas Plain of the North, Las Villas Plain of the Northeast, and Northern Plain stretch across much of the opposite coast.

Cuba elevation map

Map of Cuba altitude

The Cuba elevation map shows the different altitudes of Cuba. This altitude map of Cuba will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Groups of mountains and hills cover about one-fourth of the island of Cuba. The most rugged range is the Sierra Maestra, which stretches approximately 150 miles (240 km) along the southeastern coast and reaches the island highest elevations—6,476 feet (1,974 metres) at Turquino Peak and 5,676 feet (1,730 metres) at Bayamesa Peak as you can see in Cuba elevation map. Near the centre of the island are the Santa Clara Highlands, the Sierra de Escambray (Guamuhaya), and the Sierra de Trinidad. The Cordillera de Guaniguanico in the far west stretches from southwest to northeast for 110 miles (180 km) and comprises the Sierra de los Órganos and the Sierra del Rosario, the latter attaining 2,270 feet (692 metres) at Guajaibón Peak. Much of central-western Cuba is punctuated by spectacularly shaped, vegetation-clad hillocks called mogotes. Serpentine highlands distinguish northern and central La Habana and Matanzas provinces, as well as the central parts of Camagüey and Las Tunas.

Extreme elevation points in Cuba are: North (on-shore), Punta Hicacos; 23°12′23″N 81°08′44″W / 23.20639°N 81.14556°W, on Hicacos Peninsula. North (off-shore), Cayo Cruz del Padre; 23°16′34″N 80°54′38″W / 23.27611°N 80.91056°W, part of Sabana-Camagüey Archipelago. East, Punta Maisi; 20°12′32″N 74°08′01″W / 20.20889°N 74.13361°W, near Maisí as its shown in Cuba elevation map. West siders, Cape San Antonio; 21°51′39″N 84°57′25″W / 21.86083°N 84.95694°W, on Guanahacabibes Peninsula. South siders, Cape Cruz; 19°49′37″N 77°40′30″W / 19.82694°N 77.675°W, near Niquero.

Pico Turquino as its mentioned in Cuba elevation map is the highest elevation point in Cuba. It is located in the southeast part of the island, in the Sierra Maestra mountain range in Santiago de Cuba Province. The name is believed to be a corruption of turquoise (Spanish: turquí) peak, named so for the blue hues taken by the heights in certain views. It was first mentioned (under the name "Tarquino") on a map drawn by Gerardo Kramer in the late 18th century. A bust of José Martí, sculpted by Jilma Madera, was placed on the peak to celebrate his centenary. Turquino National Park is established on a 229.38 km2 (88.56 sq mi) area around the peak.

Cuba rivers map

Map of Cuba rivers

The rivers in Cuba map shows the principal rivers with their names of Cuba. The rivers map of Cuba will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Cuban rivers are one of the biggest tourist attraction sites. The country largest rivers are the Cauto, Toa, Guama, and Yumuri as you can see in Cuba rivers map. The River Cauto is the largest river in the country. It flows from Sierra Maestra into the Gulf of Guacanayabo. The river has three main tributaries, namely the Salado, Bayamo, and Contramaestre. At the Guacanayabo Gulf, the river forms a delta and an extensive swam. The River Guama is the third largest River in Cuba, flowing for 51 miles in the Guantanamo area. The Guantanamo area means the "land between rivers" in the indigenous Taino language. Initially, the river discharged its water into the Caribbean Sea, but this changed after it was directed into the El Punto dam.The water from the dam is used for irrigation with the first phase of the scheme covering over a thousand hectares.

The Yumuri river flows from the Imias village and drains into Bahia de Matanzas, covering a distance of 33.7 miles as its shown in Cuba rivers map. The valley of the river is one of the most scenic and attracts a huge number of tourists annually. It has a wide range of beautiful plants and animals as well as number archaeological sites. Scientists claim that the valley has fossils dating back to thirty million years ago. The locals claim that the name Yumuri came from the cry made by indigenous people while committing suicide by jumping off the cliff into the river. They preferred death rather than harsh treatment from the colonizers. The river gorge is formed of an 80 hectare plain and has dark-grayish soils which are very fertile and suitable for agriculture. It is home to a rare species of cactus.

The River Toa derives its source waters from Cuba Guantanamo Province. It has been described as the mightiest river in Cuba, and its waters are crystal clear. It has 72 tributaries that emanate from Guantanamo Provinces, which is one of few places in the north receiving high levels of annual rainfall. The river harbors more than a thousand species of birds and more than 150 species of ferns as its mentioned in Cuba rivers map. Birds found in the river, including the cororo and the hook-billed kite, are facing extinction due to climate change and destruction of their habitat. The river is a major tourist attraction, the use of the Cayuca, a local form of water transport is used to transport visitors across the river. The waters are believed to cause rejuvenation, and anyone who swims in it never leaves the area.

Cuba mountains map

Map of Cuba mountains

The mountains in Cuba map shows the principal mountains with their names in Cuba. The mountains map of Cuba will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province from what is now Guantánamo Province to Niquero in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast as you can see in Cuba mountains map. Some view it as a series of connecting ranges (Vela, Santa Catalina, Quemado Grande, Daña Mariana), which joins with others extending to the west. The Sierra Maestra is the highest system of Cuba. Sierra Cristal National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Sierra Cristal) is a national park in Cuba. It is located in the southern part of the Holguín Province. It was the first National Park created in Cuba in 1930, and covers an area of 185.37 km2 (71.6 sq mi). It is located in the heights of Sierra Cristal (Cristal Mountains), one of the highest mountain range in Cuba (second only to Sierra Maestra).

The Escambray Mountains (Spanish: Sierra del Escambray) are a mountain range in the central region of Cuba, in the provinces of Sancti Spíritus, Cienfuegos and Villa Clara. The Escambray Mountains are located in the south-central region of the island, extending about 80 kilometers (50 mi) from east to west, and 80 kilometers (50 mi) from north to south as its shown in Cuba mountains map. Their highest peak, Pico San Juan, rises to 960 m (3,150 ft) above sea level. The Escambray range is divided into two sections by the Agabama River. The western part is called the Guamuhaya Mountains, and the eastern part, raising between Trinidad and Sancti Spiritus, is best known as Sierra de Sancti Spiritus.

Sierra del Rosario is mountain range in the Pinar del Río Province of Cuba. It is located in the western part of the Guaniguanico Range, in the north-central part of the province, between the municipalities of La Palma, Los Palacios and Consolación del Sur as its mentioned in Cuba mountains map. It was established as a Biosphere Reserve and a IUCN Managed Resource Protected Area on February 15, 1984, being the first one in Cuba to be classifid as such. It protects a total area of 266.86 km2 (103.04 sq mi), of tropical forests with evergreen and semi-deciduous environments. The Zapata Swamp lies between 22°01’ and 22°40’ N latitude and between 80°33’ and 82°09’ W longitude. The swamp in total is over one million acres (4,000 km²). Topographically, the maximum height above sea level is only about 10 meters with the top depth in below-sea-level coastal zones as follows: 2 meters in the salt-marsh area and from 1-600 meters in the sea coastal zone.

Cuba climate map

Map of Cuba temperature

The Cuba climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of Cuba. This climate map of Cuba will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of Cuba in Caribbean - Americas. The Cuba climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

In Cuba, the climate is tropical, with a dry and relatively cool season from late November to mid-April, and a rainy and muggy season from late April to early November. The climate is fairly uniform from one area to the other, but there are some differences that are worth considering. Annual precipitation is generally between 1,000 and 1,500 millimeters (40 and 60 inches) as you can see in Cuba climate map. In the south, where the only mountainous areas are found, there is a greater difference between the north-facing slopes, which are very wet, and those exposed to the south, where precipitation drops below 700 mm (27.5 in) per year (see Guantanamo Bay). From June to November, it's the hurricane season in Cuba and the Caribbean. Tropical storms and cyclones usually come from the east, and affect Cuba especially in the eastern part. The period when they are most likely runs from August to October.

Winter in Cuba is pleasantly warm in the north and even quite hot in the south, with daytime temperatures around 26 degrees Celsius (79 °F) from December to February in Havana, and around 28 °C (82 °F) in the southernmost areas as its shown in Cuba climate map. The rains are not frequent but they are still possible, and they are more likely on the northern slopes, which are also exposed to cold air masses coming from the United States. These short cold outbreaks, from December to March, may bring some days characterized by cool weather, and a bit of cold at night, especially in the north-western part (see Havana, Varadero). Sometimes in Havana the minimum temperature drops to around 10 °C (50 °F) or even below.

The Cuba climate is mild subtropical, thanks to its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer, its narrow configuration, east to west oriented receives the refreshing action of trade winds and marine breezes. During the short winter are influences of cold air masses coming from the North, but they are of short duration. The average temperature throughout the year oscillates between the 20 and 35ºC, lowering sometimes to 10°C as its mentioned in Cuba climate map. The Eastern region enjoys a warmer weather than the western and the variations of temperature between the day and the night are less accentuated in the coastal regions that in inland. Those that enjoy the beach will be glad to know that the average water temperature surpasses 25°C. By its geographic situation, the country is affected between June 1st and 30th November by the cyclone season.